The EU’s Market Abuse Regulation provides examples of market manipulation, including: - Entering into a transaction or placing an order which gives false or misleading signals about supply, demand and price; or that secures a price at an artificial level. - Providing false or misleading information/inputs in relation to a benchmark. - Securing a dominant position over the supply or demand of an instrument that has the effect of fixing prices or creates other unfair trading conditions. - Buying or selling financial instruments at market open or close which misleads investors. - Placing orders to a trading venue that gives misleading signals about prices by disrupting or delaying the functioning of the venue’s trading system, making it more difficult to identify genuine orders. - Taking advantage of media access to voice an opinion while having taken trading positions.