A whistleblower is an individual (typically an employee or person working in an organisation) who reports findings or perceptions of institutional (corporate or government) wrongdoing, either to the organisation itself, to regulatory agencies, law firms, to third-party agencies dedicated to pursuing investigations. Whisteblowing can be anonymous and whisteblowers who meet relevant criteria are protected by whistleblowing laws that prevent witch hunts, dismissals, or otherwise unfair or aggressive treatment (including companies pursuing confidentiality clauses). Wrongdoing covered by whistleblowing include reports of fraud, other criminal activity, health and safety breaches that put employees at risk, companies causing environmental damage, as well as internal cover-ups.


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